Get Inactive Users Report for the past 60 days in a multi domain environment

I had a request recently to provide an inactive user report for the past 60 days. Basically, find out which accounts have not logged in for the past 60 days so action can be taken against them.

The request was for a multi domain forest which queries every domain controller and gets the latest lastlogon value by comparing value from each. I wrote a script and wanted to share as other might find it handy too.


Get Primary, Secondary, Tertiary DNS values and more from Multiple Servers

Came across a unique request to get primary, secondary, and tertiary DNS values for multiple computers/servers across the domain. I started writing the script and got what I wanted.

Now this started off as just to query for DNS Server information, but then I thought to add other pieces to get myself a good Network Inventory of all the servers in the environment.

I am utilizing the Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration WMI Class to get the required information.

You can modify the script below to suit your needs. The complete list of settings that can be captured:

Since the scripts are querying for information it is best if it runs from a DC or a privileged server with an account that has privileged access.

To get the results you need the following two scripts:


I needed to get all the network information for all the domain controllers in the domain. So the following code retrieves it for me. This came really handy in viewing all the DNS settings setup on all the DCs and correcting them if needed.


This will get the information and export to an excel file that you can have handy for reference or auditing. Hope this helps!

Fix Active Directory broken security inheritance problem

Ran into a situation at a client location where in Active Directory, the security permissions applied to an OU were not getting inherited permissions on to the objects. Basically, security inheritance was broken.This causes a problem when the administrative accounts or groups needing to modify an attribute on the AD object throw errors, or are unable to edit the AD object.

To find out which objects were not getting the inherited permissions run the following :

I ran it on the entire domain to identity potential problem accounts. 🙂

To fix the issue:



Get All DCs in the Entire Forest

Getting a know a new environment for a new client and I a quickly needed information about all domain controllers in the entire forest.

Wrote a small little script to provide me all the information I needed:


Convert a Dynamic IP to Static

Working on a project where on some servers the DHCP assigned addresses needs to be converted to static. Since there is always more than one…I needed to script it.

Here is a quick way to do it via PowerShell.

Hope this helps!

Get .Net Framework Version for the .DLL & .EXE files

Working with many app/dev teams it is hard to find which version of Dot Net  an application was designed or made in.

Now if your application server has multiple drives and depending on which drive the application resides it may be hard to find this information.

Let’s assume there are two drives C: and D:.

We will start with D: drive as it is easy.

Now the C: drive is a little more work. The above method wont work because C:  drive has system files and depending on your rights you may not have access to them.

You may get the following error:

But there is a way we can get this accomplished. Good old dos commands to the rescue! We are basically going to get a list of .exe and .dll files from the C: drive and then run the above code against it.

Lets capture the files:

Now we have the .EXE files stored in C_EXE_Paths.txt and we query it for .NET versions and save the output to DotNetFiles_C_EXE.txt

Similarly we have the .DLLfiles stored in C_DLL_Paths.txt and we query it for .NET versions and save the output to DotNetFiles_C_DLL.txt

You might get errors for files that do not meet criteria or fails to list .Net version.

This can be surpressed by using:

The output would be similar to:

Now you can import this in Excel and go crazy!  😉

Additionally, if you want to detect what version of .NETis installed on your server here is a cool utility (ASoft .NET Version Detector) to get you the info, as well as download links to the installer in case you need to download and install.

Provisioning a New Office 365 User and Mailbox from Exchange Hybrid via PowerShell

Working with many Office365 clients, I receive queries on how to go about provisioning users and mailboxes for an Exchange hybrid deployment.

To begin with, let’s assume a couple things.

  1. We have a Windows 2012 R2 member server with Azure AD Connect (AAD Connect) version (or newer) and the Azure AD Module for PowerShell installed; and
  2. We have an Exchange 2013 CU11 (or newer) server configured for hybrid with an active O365 tenant.

Now that we’ve established a baseline, there are a couple of options to perform the task of provisioning an AD user, creating a mailbox, and assigning an Office 365 license.

  1. The first option would be to create an AD user, create an on premise mailbox, migrate the mailbox to Office 365, and assign a license; or
  2. The second option would be to create an AD user, create a remote (or Office 365) mailbox, and assign a license.

In this post, I will cover the second option simply because it includes fewer steps and attempts to avoid confusion around where the mailbox should be created.

Do not create an AD user and then go to the Office 365 portal to create a new user and associated mailbox. This method will not properly create a synchronized O365 user and mailbox.


From the Exchange server, first create the AD user with remote mailbox using one command via Exchange Management Shell (EMS or Exchange PowerShell)…

In the command above, I created the AD user in an OU named “Office 365 Users”, set the password to “EnterPasswordHere”, and will require the user to change their password at next logon. However, I did not assign an SMTP address or remote routing address assuming that the email address policies are configured to be applied as new mailboxes are created.


Once the AD user and mailbox are created, the AD object must to be synchronized to O365 in order to add the user with associated mailbox in the tenant. With the new version of AAD Connect, the scheduled sync time occurs every 30 minutes. In my case, I’m not that patient and will manually force a sync to O365.

From the server with AAD Connect installed, via an elevated PowerShell console, run the following command to perform the sync to O365…

This task will synchronize all changes made to AD since the user and mailbox were created.


In the final step, I assign an O365 license to the newly created and synchronized user. The following commands can be run from any machine that has both Microsoft Online Services Sign-in Assistant for IT Professionals RTW and Windows Azure Active Directory Module for Windows PowerShell installed. In my case, they are installed on each server, as well as my admin workstation.

Connect to O365 via PowerShell from an elevated PowerShell console; or using Azure AD Module for PowerShell console.

Confirm the new user does not have an O365 license assigned.

This command returns unlicensed O365 users in which the “isLicensed” parameter is “False”.

The next command returns the “AccountSkuId“, or subscription license(s), of my tenant that I will use to assign to the new user.

The AccountSkuId will look something similar to “tenantname:ENTERPRISEPACK“; where “ENTERPRISEPACK” represents my Office 365 Enterprise E3 subscription. Other subscriptions will have different representations.

Before I can assign any licenses to my new user, the user must be assigned a location (or country code). Since I’m am located in the United States, I use “US” as the two letter country code for the user, using this command…

Now that I’ve set a location for the new user, I can assign a license from my associated O365 subscription, using this command…

Finally, the user can access their assigned mailbox in Exchange Online.

Add Alternate Email Address or Recovery Email Address for Office365 Administrator

In Office365, depending on the admin role of an account you may want to add an alternate email address for password recovery. This is a basically a self-service password reset for Administrators of Office365.

Quick way to do this is with PowerShell:

If this setting is unset for an administrator, Office365 gives you a nice reminder about adding an alternate email address in case your primary account gets locked out.

You can add this information when first setting up the account:

It can also be added for an existing admin user by going to the Gear, Office 365 settings, and edit your settings in the ‘me’ section, you can enter your mobile phone number and alternate email there.

Map a network drive using PowerShell

Make sure you are using the latest version of PowerShell. On Windows 8/10 run it as administrator and type the following:


Z – is the Drive Letter

Within ” ” is the path of the network share that will be presented as the root of the drive letter Z

The -Persist parameter so that you can not only see the name of your new drive in Windows explorer, but also know it’s still there the next time you logon.

-Name <String>
Specifies a name for the new drive. For persistent mapped network drives, type a drive letter. For temporary drives type you are not limited to drive letters.
Required? true
Position 1

-PSProvider <String>
Specifies the Windows PowerShell provider, for example, FileType or Registry.
Required? true
Position? 2

-Root <String>
Specifies the data store location, for example, \\Server\Drivers, or a registry key such as HKLM:\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion.
Required? true
Position? 3